Posts tagged Combine
Applying nitrogen before permanent flood in combine sown rice (October 1991)

This IREC Farmers Newsletter article presents the results of a two year trial on banding urea pre permanent water. The article concludes that banding urea of a few centimeters below the soil surface just before permanent flood did not increase yield or reduce the nitrogen losses when compared with the recommended practice- broadcasting urea followed rapidly by permanent flooding. 

Read More
Rice season 1989/90 record yields revisted (November 1990)

This IREC Farmers Newsletter article presents results of the 1989/90 season which an average of 8.1 tonne per hectare was maintained. The season saw rice areas sown increase by 10 % due to good water availability. The season also saw Yanco bred varieties increase to 90% and aerially sown rice increased to 80%. Due to wet winter crops were sown later and mild reproduction temperature caused few cold stress problems. There were however some grain quality issues due to dry warm harvest weather. The report presents further information on the sown areas, sowing methods time of sowing growing conditions, nitrogen and water depth management. 

Read More
Rice season 1988/89 (September 1989)

This IREC Farmers Newsletter article presents the results of the 1988/89 season. The season saw record average yield of 8 tonnes per hectare. The article presents information on how this was achieved and the changes since 1980/81 season when the averages were 7.27 tonnes per hectare. The article states the improvements are a result of adoption o f high yielding semi dwarf varieties, improved nitrogen management, weed control and improved crop establishment. The article discusses issues such as aerial sowing, combine sowing, sod seeded pastures and stubble, varieties, growing conditions and yields. The article concludes that this improvement can be maintained by continuing to sow on time, the right rates of nitrogen and maintaining deep water at early pollen stage.

Read More
Rice season 1985/86 (1986)

This IREC Farmers Newsletter article presents the results from the 1985 rice growing seasons. Pelde completely replaced Inga in 1985 and the feature of the season was low temperatures particularly during vegative, reproductive and delayed maturity which reduced yields. The reports presents the information on the sowing, temperatures for the season, the harvests and yields, weed control and nitrogen application. Low temperatures during early pollen formation stage also proved a hazard. However results still averaged 6.47 tonnes per hectare which was considered reasonable.  

Read More
Energy- cost of rice establishment (1979)

This IREC Farmers Newsletter presents information and expenditures on the energy cost of rice establishment. It was undertaken as result of the increasing diesel price and increasing sizes of rice area. The article presents budgets for the three different methods of combine, aerial and sod seeding. The budgets have many variable s and the authors states that they should be considered as only partial budgets. 

Read More
Stubble cropping rice (1975)

This IREC Farmers Newsletter article presents information obtained from growers who have been  using the practice of stubble cropping in the past two seasons. A survey was undertaken on these growers who made up approximately 10 percent of growers in MIA and CIA. The results of this survey has been compiled into guidelines for new stubble cropping growers. The article presents information on variety selection, sowing methods, fertilizer rates, weeds and pest management.

Read More
Continuous rice growing (1974)

This IREC Farmers Newsletter presents information on the practice of continuing cropping. The practice was relatively new in 1974 as farm sizes were smaller. Included in the report are the problems of stubble cropping which include possible increase nitrogen requirements, snail, slime and weed issues, difficulties in seed bed preparations , change in fertilizer practices, admixture of s different varieties and water table issues. All this issues had been studied and were continued to be studied in 1975 growing season. 

Read More
Getting the best of long grain (1974)

This IREC Farmers Newsletter presents information on the need for increased production of long grain in the 1975 rice growing season. There are recommendations and simple rules presented for the growing long grain. These recommendations include sowing times, early water, avoiding high fertility. There are also recommendations of delaying maturity and harvesting and sod sowing, combine and aerial sowing.  

Read More
Rice trials at the Falkiner Memorial field sation in 1969-1970 (1970)

This IREC Farmers Newsletter presents information on trials undertaken at the Falkiner Memorial field station during 1969/70. The trials were directed by the rice breeding program at Yanco however the work was carried out by CSIRO staff. The article presents a brief on the results of the trials undertaken on soil types, combine sowing, aerial sowing, fertilizer trials, seed rates and variety trials. The article concludes early Caloro and Calrose remain the best varieties for the Murray Valley with no long grain type yet obtaining their yield level. It was also seen that aerial sowing was a better superior method of establishing rice on the heavy clay whilst the seed rates were not critical for aerial sowing it confirmed that the recommended rate of 110lbs/acre was adequate and safe. Whilst the Riverina clays soils are not suitable for the use of anhydrous ammonia due to losses of the gas from poor sealing of the soil and that heavy equipment is necessary for application of the gas. It was also stated barnyard grass was not troublesome in the aerial sown bays, but combine sown bays a patchy infestation occurred. 

Read More